Calligraphy

Belonging to the Greek as kalligraphy, exposing the elements kallos, in the sense of ‘beauty’, from the Indo-European root *kal(2)-, for ‘beautiful or pretty’, conjugated with graphein, which refers to writing or engraving, and the suffix – phy, as a quality property. As such, it is not just a matter of recording or documenting words […]

Cappuccino

As a coffee option, it comes from the Italian cappuccino, dating back to the 1930s, paying homage to the members of the Ordo Fratum Minorum Cappuccinorum, a religious movement formed in 1525, represented by Padre Pio (1887-1968), wearing a distinctive hooded attire, showing a long white beard among the wisest, whose members are known precisely […]

Chocolate

Originally known as Xocoatl, at the height of the Aztec Empire, in the Nahuatl language, which is still in use in several communities over the mexican territory, takes its form from the word xoco, which means bitter or sour, and atl, meaning water. The recipe created by the Aztecs involved the fusion of cacahóatl beans […]

Coffee

This wonder comes from the Italian caffe, linguistically adapted from the Turkish root kahveh, related to the traditional Arabic qahwah, linking to the old Kingdom of Kaffa of the 14th century, which is presently part of Ethiopia. At first, coffee was perceived as a type of wine, due to its dark color and the strength […]

Conscience and Conscious

Conscience (which implies knowing how to differentiate good and evil in the moral sense) referred to in Latin as conscientia, associating with and meeting the adjective conscious (which implies the ability to perceive a particular reality of the environment), represented in Latin as consciens, result of the conjugation as a participle of the present tense […]

Consumer

It is a combination in Latin, determined by the prefix con-, which indicates an encounter, the word sumere, which refers to taking something, which breaks down into sub-, for lower level or below, and emere, which has roots in the Indo-European *em-, to refer in both cases to the action of taking; then, it adds […]

Croissant

Created by the Viennese culture and perfected by the French, this iconic delicacy whose appearance alludes to the crescent moon (in the Romance language it is called lune croissant), and which appears as a characteristic symbol on the Turkish flag, historically adapted during the victory celebrations over an attempted invasion of Vienna by the Turks […]

Delivery

With reference in the French delivrée as past participle of the old French delivrer, interpreted as ‘to protect’, ‘to pass’ or ‘to hand over.’ In Spanish it is limited to the services of delivery of goods, especially orders to restaurants, which began to be used on American soil around 1950, however, it was already strongly […]

Didactic

Traced back to French as didactique, in reference to Greek in didaktikós, an adjective that indicates the quality of knowing how to instruct, from the past participle didaktos, ‘taught’, with reference to the verb didaskein, for ‘to teach’, from the root in Indo-European *dens-, for ‘to learn’. Then, the -ic suffix intervenes, in the sense […]

Essential and Essence

Essential can be seen in the Latin essentiālis, defined by the suffix -al, which takes the Latin form -ālis, as an agent of belonging, followed by the word essence, given in the Latin as essentĭa, taken as a copy of the Greek ousia, around the idea of the nature or substance of existence, associated with […]

Express

The action of the verb in Old French can be observed in expresser, and the respective adjective form in expres, tracing the passage on the basis of the Latin in expressus, whose form responds as a participle of the verb exprimĕre, referring to the action to express, built on the prefix ex-, being interpreted to […]

Gay

Found in the English language; moving as a linguistic loan around the world, generalizing to identify the homosexual individual by his cheerful and light behavior, referring to the French gai, interpreted as one that shows a happy personality, associated to the high German gāhi, indicating a state of sudden surprise, reflecting itself in the old […]

Gringo

Documented in 1787, in the Second Volume of the Castilian Dictionary of the Spanish philologist Esteban de Terreros y Pandos (1707-1782), applying to foreigners who do not know how to express themselves correctly in the language of the locals, using as reference the cities of Malaga and Madrid. Likewise, it is presented as a linguistic […]

Idiot

We can see it in Latin as idiōta, and in Greek at idiṓtēs. It is formed on the Greek element ídios, which indicates the particularity of the person. In ancient Rome there was a certain value in debating questions of a public nature, and this adjective was used to point out those who were not […]

Indigent

Identifying a helpless individual unable to meet his basic needs by himself (typically described as homeless), it is recorded in the fourteenth century from the Latin in the words indĭgens, indĭgentis, as a participle of indigere, for ‘need”, formed by the prefix indu-, to indicate the idea of interior, with roots in the Indo-European *endo-, […]

Kleptomania

It is neologism acting upon the Greek components klepto, related to kléptein, which implies the idea of removing or, in this more specific context, stealing, and -mania, which refers to an impulsivity, or behavior of a pathological order. Emerging in the mid-nineteenth century, as a fad to justify the specific theft observed in affluent individuals, […]

Patrimony

It is part of the cultural and historical influence of the patriarchy at the linguistic level, exposing reference in the Latin patrimōnium, resulting in a composition given by pater, which refers to the head of the family or owner and master of servants or slaves who served in his residence or famulus as it was […]

Prologue

Referring to the Greek prólogos and taking its origin from within the Greek theater regarding a character who would present the setting and context of a play before it begins, and thus, it would be transferred to its common and current use which we see in books as an introduction. Prólogos is formed by the […]

Pyromania

French psychiatrist Henry Marc coins the term in a book published in 1833, observing it as an instinctive and impulsive monomania, exposing the idea of a behavior against nature that can only be explained from insanity despite the fact that the perpetrator is apparently aware of his acts. It is a construction given by the […]

Respect

Firstly, the noun form is reflected in Latin as respectus, coming from the verb respectāre, meaning to consider or pay attention to one’s surroundings, composed by the prefix re-, for reiteration and emphasis wielding dedication, and spectāre, associated with specere, indicating the action of appreciating, looking at or observing. It is a component to be […]

Speculate

In the sense of calculating and planning market trends, which dates back to the mid-eighteenth century, we find the reference in the Latin speculāri, interpreted as ‘observing from above’, given the association with the word specula, interpreted as a space of observation comprising the top of a tower or an observatory, from the verb specio, […]

Sponsor

It has reference in the late Latin sponsor, pointing to the godfather designated as the guide and protector of the respective godchild according to the principles of baptism, extending the meaning over the Latin sponsor, contemplating the idea of responding for another individual as a guarantor, coming from spondēre over the Indo-European *spondeio-, for to […]

Superficial

As an adjective, it can be seen registered in the Latin superficiālis, coming from surfaces, which refers to a surface approached from the sense of what can be observed externally, made up of super, above something, with its root in the Indo-European *uper-, as above or on, and facies, referring to the face, reinforcing the […]

Tomato

During the Spanish colonization at the end of the 15th century, this iconic fruit was discovered to became an essential ingredient of modern cuisine. The tomato is identified in the Nahuatl language as tomatl, documented in 1532 by the Spanish theologian Bernardo de Sahagun (1499-1590), originally in reference to the yellow tomato, acting as a […]

Unconscious

Found in the French inconscient, being determined by the Latin negation prefix in-, with a root in the Indo-European *ne-, in function of ‘not’, followed by consciens, articulated as the present participle expressed in conscīre, configured by the prefix con-, referring to the concept of ‘gathering’, ‘meeting’ or ‘convergence’, scīre, referring to the knowledge that […]

Vegetarian

The German vegetarier, as well as the French végétarien and Spanish vegetariano, adapted the word in the mid-nineteenth century based on the reference from the English vegetarian, registered as such in 1842, in the British magazine The Healthian, focused on psychology and nutrition, however, the term was already used socially as implied in the quote, […]

Victim

Seen in Latin as victĭma, at the behest of ancient Rome, this word described that person or animal that gave its life voluntarily or otherwise, as a tribute to God or a divinity, referring to the executor as victumarius. Although it is not possible to confirm this, we can conclude its relation to rituals for […]

Violence

Tracing back to Latin as violentia, related to the adjective violentus, distinguishing the violent behavior of an individual, from vis, force or vigor, with roots in the Indo-European *weie-, in allusion to wanting to take something with tenacity. It is the forced imposition of one person upon another, regardless of the form, context, or relationship; […]

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