Alcohol

Found in the Arabic al-kuḥl, whose component al- refers to the connector el, and kuḥl, originally pointing to a chemical solution, based on the mineral stibnite, capable of producing antimony, applied to the aesthetics of the eyes as a cosmetic, observed in the records of the Royal Spanish Academy as an extinct term that was […]

Bioethics

It is a neologism given in 1970 by American biochemist Van Rensselaer Potter II (1911-2001), in his work Bioethics: The Science of Survival, built by bio-, in reference to the Greek bios, to refer to ‘life’, and ética, seen in the Latin ethĭca (feminine of ethĭcus) from the Greek ēthikḗ (feminine form of ēthikós). However, […]

Cell

It stands out in Latin as cella, moving to the field of biology documented in 1665 by the English scientist Robert Hooke (1635-1703) in his work Micrographia, observing the vegetal tissue of a cork as a constitution formed in small boxes comparable to a honeycomb, and then in 1851 the English biologist Thomas Huxley (1825-1895) […]

Larva

Applied in the field of biology, and used popularly to describe the useless behavior of a person, with reference in the Latin larva, understood as the idea of a spectral or spiritual entity, associated to larua, within the Roman mythological stories, which deepens in respect to a diabolic entity that was frequently characterized by the […]

Pandemic, Epidemic and Endemic

Pandemic is observed in the Greek pandēmía, its breakdown allows the identification of the elements pan-, which refers to everything or all, taking its root from the Indo-European *pan-, again, indicating wholeness, and dēmos, which interprets the idea of community, village, or group of people, related to the Indo-European word *da-mo-, meaning division, linked to […]

Phenomenon

Documented in the Late Latin phaenomĕnon, referring to the Greek phainomenon, for describing a thought by an individual that is reflected in reality as an experience that escapes the commonplace, even alluding to something that appears to be real, associated with the passive verb phainesthai, for ‘appeared’, from the verb phainein, for ‘to show’ or […]

Quarantine

Its reference comes from the Italian quaranta giorni, based on the Latin quadraginta, which translates to four times ten, as in, forty, related to the word quattuor, that indicates the number four, having the Indo-European root *kwetwer-, and accompanied by the suffix -ginta, which is related to the Indo-European *dekm-, determined as ten. Its implementation […]

Vaccine

Adopted from the French, it is a technique originally revealed in 1796 by the ingenious English doctor and researcher Edward Jenner (1749-1823) in view of the looming threat of smallpox. The name comes from the particular manifestation of a virus that existed among cows, known scientifically as variolae vaccinae (popularly known in English as cowpox), […]

Voltage and Volt

Understood as a reference and homage to Italian chemist and physicist- Alessandro Volta (1745-1827) responsible for the first electric battery, introduced in 1880, after a falling out with his colleague, scientist and doctor Luigi Galvani (1737-1798), who would also create his version of the battery; Voltage, ending with the suffix -age, acts as a noun […]

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