Apocalypse

Observed in Latin as apocalypsis, referring to the Greek apokálypsis, interpreted as manifestation or discovery, from the prefix apo-, in the sense of outside or as a distance determiner, based on the Indo-European *apo-, for distancing or from, and the verb kályptein, indicating the action of hiding, making its root in the Indo-European obvious in […]

Assassin

Referenced in Arabic as ḥaššāšīn, alluding to the bloodthirsty Nizari mercenaries, partakers of the hallucinogenic grass hashish, substance which reference in Arabic appears as ḥašīš, or of the hemp variant, seen in the Latin cannăbum, for cannăbis, both forms coming from cannabis crops, observing that at first the adjective was limited to pointing out the […]

Barbecue

It is the form adapted from the Spanish barbacoa, with origin in the Arawak language, corresponding to the people of Taino in Haiti, registered as barbacòa, describing the process of roasting meats under the sun, on top of flames, in an ingenious structure given the period and tools available, made of a grid of wooden […]

Captain

Observed in the Low Latin as capitanus, associated with the Latin capitis referring to caput, for ‘head’ in the sense of leadership or main figure, with the Indo-European root in *kaput, for ‘head’. The linguistic roots express their association in ‘capital’ (capitālis), ‘capo’ (popular in the context of the mafia, for ‘Italian capo’ referring to […]

Continent (and their names)

Finding its reference in Latin as contĭnens, contĭnentis, interpreting the idea of continuity, formed from continēre, which indicates the action of ‘containing’, conjugating the suffix con-, as a linguistic property of encounter, and the verb tenere, for ‘to have’, based on the Indo-European *ten-, for ‘to tend’. Thus, in ancient Rome the expression terracontĭnens was […]

Crisis

This state of chaos and uncertainty is found in Latin as crisis, from the Greek krísis, related to the verb krínein, meaning ‘to judge’ and also implying ‘decision’ or ‘separation’, making its roots obvious in the Indo-European *krei-, ‘to cut’ in order ‘to choose’; complemented by the suffix -sis, that commonly appears in medical terminology […]

Inferno

Corresponding to the Latin infernum, comprising the passage to and the world where the lost souls of the dead reside. Closely related to the adjective inferus, in the sense of ‘inferior’, referring to infra, for ‘below’, with roots in the Indo-European *ndhero, for ‘below’, and from which also Sanskrit adnah is derived, keeping the meaning […]

JEHOVAH

It is the linguistic evolution, as a proper name, that refers to God, which was adapted and interpreted in an unfortunate way based on the sacred writings, in Hebrew, of the Old Testament where YHVH appears, defined as the Sacred Tetragrammaton (formed by the Greek prefix tetra-, for four, and gramma, for letter), whose meaning […]

Kamikaze

It refers to an ancient legend that tells of a gigantic typhoon that prevented the army of the Mongolian emperor Kublai Kahn from reaching Japan twice, first in 1274 and then in 1281, both in the direction of the coast of the island of Kyushu, thus, getting its name. Kami is interpreted as god or […]

Kleptocracy

Cited in the early 19th century, appearing in The Indicator, 12th edition entitled Thieves, Ancient and Modern, published in 1819 by the British writer Leigh Hunt (1784-1859), in a passage that alludes to Spain (pictured below). It is a composition given by the elements of the Greek klepto, identifying the idea of theft, derived from […]

Legion

Seen in the Latin words legio, legiōnis, to describe a group of fierce fighters in reference to the Roman Legion, constructed by the verb legĕre, which is interpreted as ‘selecting or choosing’, as well as for ‘reading’ in other contexts, with roots in the Indo-European *leg-, for ‘to gather’. The members of these clans respond […]

Magisterium

Known in Latin as magisterium, determined by the suffix -ium, attributing action and result, incorporated to the word magister, which refers to master, being interpreted as the authority or position of greater influence as a director who guides the way, linked to the adverb magis, being interpreted as more, with reference in the Indo-European *meg-, […]

Methodism and the Methodist Church

The Methodist movement at the behest of Christianity, to which more than 90 million people around the world belong, was established in 1729 at the English University of Oxford by a group led by the brothers and theologians John (1703-1791) and Charles (1707-1788) Wesley, who previously met and discussed it in the so-called Holy Club. […]

Organization

Found in relation to the French organisation, from the medieval Latin organizationem, a noun that comes from the conjugation based on the participle organizare, related to the Latin organum, pointing out a central functioning entity as well as the organs of a biological system or the well-known musical instrument, exposing the root in the Greek […]

Post-Mortem, Posthumous and the Post- Prefix

On one hand, post is interpreted as after, however, another connotation is behind, either acting independently or as a prefix, and mortem, is presented in the nominal form of death, which can be seen in the Latin mors, mortis, associated with the verb to die, determined as mori, on the Indo-European root *mer-, for departing. […]

President

Found in Latin, in the present participle praesidentum, in relation to the verb praesidēre, understood as presiding in the action from a high hierarchical position, formed by the elements prae, which refers to something previous or earlier and that in this context indicates being in front, and sedere, interpreted as ‘to sit’, with roots in […]

Slave

The classification and stigma of slavery is referred to in medieval Latin as sclavus, in relation to the Byzantine Greek sklábos, being a derivation of sklabēnós, which translates as ‘Slavic’, originally as a self-reference for the Slavic people, as slovĕninŭ, who were geographically located mostly in Eastern Europe, and who suffered the abuse of the […]

Stigma and Stigmatize

The path is traced out from the verb in Medieval Latin stigmatizāre, taking the component stigmat-, for the Latin stigma, singular of stigmata, understood as a practice in ancient Rome in which a mark was branded on a person’s skin using a traditional red-hot piece of iron, on the grounds of slavery, criminality or even […]

Venom

Based on the ancient French venim, in reference to the Latin venēnum, from which the Italian veleno and even a first version in Spanish as venino are also derived and then consolidated as a ‘venom’, with respect to potions that attract, impress, heal or kill, being seen as aphrodisiacs, magical, medicinal or toxic, for example […]

Versus

It implies an opposition between two entities or groups, it has its origin in the Latin past participle as versus, defining a position of confrontation, interpreted as being ‘in front of’ or ‘against’ something or someone, from the verb vertere, which refers to ‘spin‘ or ‘turn’, of Indo-European root in *wer-(2), for ‘to turn’.

Vote

Identified in medieval Latin as votare (as the verb ‘to vote’), from the noun coming from Latin in votum (as the noun ‘vote’), originally comprising a pact of devotion to God or tribute to a divine entity over the intimacy of a request. The interpretation within the scope of choosing between different options was originally […]

Search a Word