Etymology of Croissant

Created by the Viennese culture and perfected by the French, this iconic delicacy whose appearance alludes to the crescent moon (in the Romance language it is called lune croissant), and which appears as a characteristic symbol on the Turkish flag, historically adapted during the victory celebrations over an attempted invasion of Vienna by the Turks who formed the ranks of the Ottoman Empire, in 1689, which would have been alerted by the local bakers who worked to supply their morning market. Thus, it is inspired by the idea of devouring the enemy forces, calling it kipferl, referring to ‘crescent’ in Austrian German.

In mid-18th century, Marie Antoinette of Austria would experience the croissant for the first time, prepared by the royal bakers (based on the kipferl) for her wedding with the future king of France Louis XVI in 1770, becoming such in 1774, and reigning until 1793, when both would be executed. Nowadays, it is a classic at breakfast time or as a snack in the afternoon all over the world.

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