Etymology of Vampire

Alder, Olena

It is observed in the French vampire, in the middle of the 18th century, referred to the German vampir, at the beginning of the 18th century at the behest of legends coming from the region of Hungary where Transylvania was located (presently belonging to Romania), about the Hungarian vampire, outlined by the Slav opiri on a possible root coming from the Tatar uber, which is understood as witch. The book Dracula was published in 1897 by the Irish writer Bram Stoker (1847-1912), inspired and advised by the Hungarian historian Ármin Vámbéry (1832-1913).

A vampire refers to a character that takes the blood of living beings until the last drop, in the darkness and mystery of the night. The greatest source of evolution and diversity of stories answers to Hungary. In turn, around 1770, the French biologist Georges-Louis Leclerc de Buffon names the vampire-bat species for their nutritional system, sustained by blood.

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